Best Vegetables to Grow in Hawaii

Hawaii’s growing season lasts all year. It’s well worth visiting a few markets for a taste and the overall experience. Locals will most likely be in line, waiting with bated breath to get their hands on the fresh fruits and vegetables. Some produce is harvested according to the seasons, with the peak seasons being spring, summer, fall, and winter. However, due to Hawaii’s climate, a wide variety of fruits and vegetables are available all year. There are a lot of Vegetables that grow best in Hawaii. It is a fertile place that supports many different types of agriculture due to its mild, year-round climate. Farmland makes up about 40% of Hawaii’s total land area. 


When the first Western people arrived in the Hawaiian Islands in 1778, they discovered that the native Hawaiians had a plentiful supply of food. Pig, chicken, ginger, kawa, taro, ti, sugar, banana, coconut, sweet potato, and breadfruit were all plentiful on the islands. It has a lot to offer; Hawaii has a wide range of food that you must try. Sandalwood and later whaling were both important parts of Hawaii’s agricultural industry between 1790 and 1870. Although they are no longer part of Hawaii’s agricultural industry, they are both historically significant. Over the next 100 years, the Westerners would bring many more plants and animals to Hawaii, adding to the island’s rich agricultural history.

Seasonal Fruits and Vegetables in Hawaii

Vegan, Wellness, Gluten-Free


Due to its rich soil and microclimate, Hawaii produces some of the largest avocados in the world. Because there are so many varieties, different avocados will be available at different times of the year. The Sharwil, Hawaii’s main export, is, for example, a winter fruit.


These are primarily grown in the state’s cooler upper regions. Carrots are available all year. Daucus pusillus, the American carrot, is thought to have originated in Hawaii.


Corn is divided into two types: temperate and tropical. Hawaii grows supersweet tropical corn varieties, primarily Supersweet #9 and #10. Corn is harvested four times a year and sold throughout the year. Corn is divided into two types: temperate and tropical. Hawaii grows supersweet tropical corn varieties, primarily Supersweet #9 and #10. Corn is harvested four times a year and sold throughout the year.


Although traditional head cabbage is not always grown in Hawaii, the islands do have two Asian-influenced varieties. Kai Choy (green mustard cabbage) and Pak Choy (arid white mustard cabbage) are both available all year.


Cucumbers are grown all year in Hawaii in areas below 3,000 feet elevation. They are only grown in the higher elevations from April to October because they become bitter during the winter months.


Because eggplant is a heat-loving plant, Hawaii is an ideal location for growing this gleaming purple vegetable. Burpee Hybrid, Black Beauty, Florida Market, and Waimanalo Long are the four varieties most likely to be found at farmers’ markets. Except for the Waimanalo Long, which resembles a Japanese eggplant, they are all around. They’re available all year.

Ginger Root

Fresh ginger is available in Hawaii from February to November, with dried/cured roots available all year. Ginger that has just been harvested is a real treat. It’s light and delicate. This is not to be confused with the ginger plant, a traditional Hawaiian flower that comes in a variety of beautiful colors.

Chili Peppers from Hawaii

These small, bright red peppers have a habanero-like heat. They are known locally as “nioi” or “nioi Pepa” and are available all year. They’re used to make spicy condiments “chili pepper water.”

Squash Kabocha

This winter squash is one of the easiest vegetables to grow in Hawaii and also one of the most delicious. Its hard outer shell makes it pest-resistant and tough enough to thrive when the rain stops in the fall and winter. From June to March, it is available.


In Hawaii, there are three types of limes: the Tahitian lime (the most common), the Key lime, and the Kafir lime. From June to March, they are available.


Mango season in Hawaii runs from May to October and can be quite exciting. This tropical fruit is celebrated with festivals.


Cantaloupes, honeydews, and watermelons are some of the local Hawaiian melons. During the months of May to September, you can find them in the markets.

Spinach from Okinawa

Despite the fact that it is not technically spinach, this edible green has Asian origins and has become a popular healthy green in Hawaii. If cooking for an extended period of time, the leaves can become slimy, similar to okra. Okinawan spinach is available throughout the year.


Oranges of various varieties, including Washington Navel and Valencia Orange, are grown in Hawaii. This fruit is available throughout the year.


Papayas, which are available all year in Hawaii, are more than just fruit; the shiny black seeds in their centers are also edible and tasty. Their peppery flavor is fantastic in salad dressings.


Pineapples, a fruit that many of us associate with Hawaii, would be missing from any list of Hawaiian produce. Choose pineapples that are heavy for their size and have a pleasant aroma. They’re available all year.


Rambutan is a fruit that belongs to the same family as lychees and is available from October to March. Its exterior is even more bizarre, resembling small red orbs from Mars covered in spikes. You simply peel and eat them, just like lychees. They have a grape-like flavor.


Make sure you buy strawberries grown in Hawaii rather than California when you go to the market (where the majority of this berry is produced). Strawberries grown in Hawaii have a stronger flavor than strawberries grown on the mainland. Strawberries are in season from January to April but are harvested from October to July.


Tangerines are a fall to winter fruit available from September to February, second only to oranges in citrus popularity. 

While most people think of Hawaii agriculture, they think of sugarcane, pineapple, macadamia nuts, and coffee. While these are important crops for the islands’ economy, there are many others. Seed plants are just yet another type of crop among the many.